Lemma 99.9.18. Let $\mathcal{P}, \mathcal{Q}, \mathcal{R}$ be properties of morphisms of algebraic spaces. Assume

$\mathcal{P}, \mathcal{Q}, \mathcal{R}$ are fppf local on the target and stable under arbitrary base change,

$\text{smooth} \Rightarrow \mathcal{R}$,

for any morphism $f : X \to Y$ which has $\mathcal{Q}$ there exists a largest open subspace $W(\mathcal{P}, f) \subset X$ such that $f|_{W(\mathcal{P}, f)}$ has $\mathcal{P}$, and

for any morphism $f : X \to Y$ which has $\mathcal{Q}$, and any morphism $Y' \to Y$ which has $\mathcal{R}$ we have $Y' \times _ Y W(\mathcal{P}, f) = W(\mathcal{P}, f')$, where $f' : X_{Y'} \to Y'$ is the base change of $f$.

Let $f : \mathcal{X} \to \mathcal{Y}$ be a morphism of algebraic stacks representable by algebraic spaces. Assume $f$ has $\mathcal{Q}$. Then

there exists a largest open substack $\mathcal{X}' \subset \mathcal{X}$ such that $f|_{\mathcal{X}'}$ has $\mathcal{P}$, and

if $\mathcal{Z} \to \mathcal{Y}$ is a morphism of algebraic stacks representable by algebraic spaces which has $\mathcal{R}$ then $\mathcal{Z} \times _\mathcal {Y} \mathcal{X}'$ is the largest open substack of $\mathcal{Z} \times _\mathcal {Y} \mathcal{X}$ over which the base change $\text{id}_\mathcal {Z} \times f$ has property $\mathcal{P}$.

**Proof.**
Choose a scheme $V$ and a surjective smooth morphism $V \to \mathcal{Y}$. Set $U = V \times _\mathcal {Y} \mathcal{X}$ and let $f' : U \to V$ be the base change of $f$. The morphism of algebraic spaces $f' : U \to V$ has property $\mathcal{Q}$. Thus we obtain the open $W(\mathcal{P}, f') \subset U$ by assumption (3). Note that $U \times _\mathcal {X} U = (V \times _\mathcal {Y} V) \times _\mathcal {Y} \mathcal{X}$ hence the morphism $f'' : U \times _\mathcal {X} U \to V \times _\mathcal {Y} V$ is the base change of $f$ via either projection $V \times _\mathcal {Y} V \to V$. By our choice of $V$ these projections are smooth, hence have property $\mathcal{R}$ by (2). Thus by (4) we see that the inverse images of $W(\mathcal{P}, f')$ under the two projections $\text{pr}_ i : U \times _\mathcal {X} U \to U$ agree. In other words, $W(\mathcal{P}, f')$ is an $R$-invariant subspace of $U$ (where $R = U \times _\mathcal {X} U$). Let $\mathcal{X}'$ be the open substack of $\mathcal{X}$ corresponding to $W(\mathcal{P}, f)$ via Lemma 99.9.7. By construction $W(\mathcal{P}, f') = \mathcal{X}' \times _\mathcal {Y} V$ hence $f|_{\mathcal{X}'}$ has property $\mathcal{P}$ by Lemma 99.3.3. Also, $\mathcal{X}'$ is the largest open substack such that $f|_{\mathcal{X}'}$ has $\mathcal{P}$ as the same maximality holds for $W(\mathcal{P}, f)$. This proves (A).

Finally, if $\mathcal{Z} \to \mathcal{Y}$ is a morphism of algebraic stacks representable by algebraic spaces which has $\mathcal{R}$ then we set $T = V \times _\mathcal {Y} \mathcal{Z}$ and we see that $T \to V$ is a morphism of algebraic spaces having property $\mathcal{R}$. Set $f'_ T : T \times _ V U \to T$ the base change of $f'$. By (4) again we see that $W(\mathcal{P}, f'_ T)$ is the inverse image of $W(\mathcal{P}, f)$ in $T \times _ V U$. This implies (B); some details omitted.
$\square$

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