Lemma 10.125.10. Let $R$ be a ring. Let $I \subset R$ be an ideal. Let $S \to S'$ be an $R$-algebra map. Assume that
$I$ is locally nilpotent,
$S/IS \to S'/IS'$ is an isomorphism,
$S$ is of finite type over $R$,
$S'$ of finite presentation over $R$, and
$S'$ is flat over $R$.
Then $S \to S'$ is an isomorphism.
By Lemma 10.125.8 the map $S \to S'$ is surjective. As $I$ is locally nilpotent, so are the ideals $IS$ and $IS'$ (Lemma 10.31.3). Hence every prime ideal $\mathfrak q$ of $S$ contains $IS$ and (trivially) $S_\mathfrak q/IS_\mathfrak q \cong S'_\mathfrak q/IS'_\mathfrak q$. Thus Lemma 10.125.9 applies and we see that $S_\mathfrak q \to S'_\mathfrak q$ is an isomorphism for every prime $\mathfrak q \subset S$. It follows that $S \to S'$ is injective for example by Lemma 10.22.1.
Post a comment
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.
In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).