Lemma 97.3.1. The functor $p : \mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{C}_\Lambda$ defined above is a predeformation category.

Proof. We have to show that $\mathcal{F}$ is (a) cofibred in groupoids over $\mathcal{C}_\Lambda$ and (b) that $\mathcal{F}(k)$ is a category equivalent to a category with a single object and a single morphism.

Proof of (a). The fibre categories of $\mathcal{F}$ over $\mathcal{C}_\Lambda$ are groupoids as the fibre categories of $\mathcal{X}$ are groupoids. Let $A \to A'$ be a morphism of $\mathcal{C}_\Lambda$ and let $x_0 \to x$ be an object of $\mathcal{F}(A)$. Because $\mathcal{X}$ is fibred in groupoids, we can find a morphism $x' \to x$ lying over $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A') \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A)$. Since the composition $A \to A' \to k$ is equal the given map $A \to k$ we see (by uniqueness of pullbacks up to isomorphism) that the pullback via $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A')$ of $x'$ is $x_0$, i.e., that there exists a morphism $x_0 \to x'$ lying over $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A')$ compatible with $x_0 \to x$ and $x' \to x$. This proves that $\mathcal{F}$ has pushforwards. We conclude by (the dual of) Categories, Lemma 4.35.2.

Proof of (b). If $A = k$, then $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) = \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A)$ and since $\mathcal{X}$ is fibred in groupoids over $(\mathit{Sch}/S)_{fppf}$ we see that given any object $x_0 \to x$ in $\mathcal{F}(k)$ the morphism $x_0 \to x$ is an isomorphism. Hence every object of $\mathcal{F}(k)$ is isomorphic to $x_0 \to x_0$. Clearly the only self morphism of $x_0 \to x_0$ in $\mathcal{F}$ is the identity. $\square$

## Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

In order to prevent bots from posting comments, we would like you to prove that you are human. You can do this by filling in the name of the current tag in the following input field. As a reminder, this is tag 07T5. Beware of the difference between the letter 'O' and the digit '0'.