The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.39.4. Let $R \to S$ be a flat ring map. Let $M$ be an $R$-module and $m \in M$. Then $\text{Ann}_ R(m) S = \text{Ann}_ S(m \otimes 1)$. If $M$ is a finite $R$-module, then $\text{Ann}_ R(M) S = \text{Ann}_ S(M \otimes _ R S)$.

Proof. Set $I = \text{Ann}_ R(m)$. By definition there is an exact sequence $0 \to I \to R \to M$ where the map $R \to M$ sends $f$ to $fm$. Using flatness we obtain an exact sequence $0 \to I \otimes _ R S \to S \to M \otimes _ R S$ which proves the first assertion. If $m_1, \ldots , m_ n$ is a set of generators of $M$ then $\text{Ann}_ R(M) = \bigcap \text{Ann}_ R(m_ i)$. Similarly $\text{Ann}_ S(M \otimes _ R S) = \bigcap \text{Ann}_ S(m_ i \otimes 1)$. Set $I_ i = \text{Ann}_ R(m_ i)$. Then it suffices to show that $\bigcap _{i = 1, \ldots , n} (I_ i S) = (\bigcap _{i = 1, \ldots , n} I_ i)S$. This is Lemma 10.38.2. $\square$

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