The Stacks project

Lemma 10.40.5. Let $R$ be a ring and let $M$ be an $R$-module. If $M$ is finite, then $\text{Supp}(M)$ is closed. More precisely, if $I = \text{Ann}(M)$ is the annihilator of $M$, then $V(I) = \text{Supp}(M)$.

Proof. We will show that $V(I) = \text{Supp}(M)$.

Suppose $\mathfrak p \in \text{Supp}(M)$. Then $M_{\mathfrak p} \not= 0$. Choose an element $m \in M$ whose image in $M_\mathfrak p$ is nonzero. Then the annihilator of $m$ is contained in $\mathfrak p$ by construction of the localization $M_\mathfrak p$. Hence a fortiori $I = \text{Ann}(M)$ must be contained in $\mathfrak p$.

Conversely, suppose that $\mathfrak p \not\in \text{Supp}(M)$. Then $M_{\mathfrak p} = 0$. Let $x_1, \ldots , x_ r \in M$ be generators. By Lemma 10.9.9 there exists an $f \in R$, $f\not\in \mathfrak p$ such that $x_ i/1 = 0$ in $M_ f$. Hence $f^{n_ i} x_ i = 0$ for some $n_ i \geq 1$. Hence $f^ nM = 0$ for $n = \max \{ n_ i\} $ as desired. $\square$

Comments (2)

Comment #5511 by Manuel Hoff on

I don't see how Nakayama's Lemma helps in the first part of the proof. As I understand it, the argument is as follows:

If with nonzero image in , then it follows directly from the definitions that . But now we certainly have .

In particular this direction does not need any finiteness condition.

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  • 2 comment(s) on Section 10.40: Supports and annihilators

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