Lemma 10.9.9. Let $R$ be a ring. Let $S \subset R$ be a multiplicative subset. Let $M$ be an $R$-module. Then

$S^{-1}M = \mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits _{f \in S} M_ f$

where the preorder on $S$ is given by $f \geq f' \Leftrightarrow f = f'f''$ for some $f'' \in R$ in which case the map $M_{f'} \to M_ f$ is given by $m/(f')^ e \mapsto m(f'')^ e/f^ e$.

Proof. Omitted. Hint: Use the universal property of Lemma 10.9.7. $\square$

## Comments (4)

Comment #587 by Wei Xu on

"for some $f' \in R$" should be "for some $f'' \in S$".

Comment #588 by Wei Xu on

And here the definition of partial ordered set is not required to have "antisymetry" (it is the definition tagged 00D3), while the definition of partial ordered set in wiki page is required to have the antisymetry property.

Comment #600 by on

@#588: Hmm... I see what you mean. We chose Definition 4.21.1 because it works well for directed limits, etc. But perhaps we should change it... not sure yet.

@#587: OK, I fixed this by requiring $f'' \in R$ which is good enough to define the map. See here.

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• 4 comment(s) on Section 10.9: Localization

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