Lemma 17.28.8. Let $X$ be a topological space. Let

$\xymatrix{ \mathcal{O}_2 \ar[r]_\varphi & \mathcal{O}_2' \\ \mathcal{O}_1 \ar[r] \ar[u] & \mathcal{O}'_1 \ar[u] }$

be a commutative diagram of sheaves of rings on $X$. The map $\mathcal{O}_2 \to \mathcal{O}'_2$ composed with the map $\text{d} : \mathcal{O}'_2 \to \Omega _{\mathcal{O}'_2/\mathcal{O}'_1}$ is a $\mathcal{O}_1$-derivation. Hence we obtain a canonical map of $\mathcal{O}_2$-modules $\Omega _{\mathcal{O}_2/\mathcal{O}_1} \to \Omega _{\mathcal{O}'_2/\mathcal{O}'_1}$. It is uniquely characterized by the property that $\text{d}(f) \mapsto \text{d}(\varphi (f))$ for any local section $f$ of $\mathcal{O}_2$. In this way $\Omega _{-/-}$ becomes a functor on the category of arrows of sheaves of rings.

Proof. This lemma proves itself. $\square$

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