Lemma 18.42.1. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a site. If $0 \to A \to B \to C \to 0$ is a short exact sequence of abelian groups, then $0 \to \underline{A} \to \underline{B} \to \underline{C} \to 0$ is an exact sequence of abelian sheaves and in fact it is even exact as a sequence of abelian presheaves.

Proof. Since sheafification is exact it is clear that $0 \to \underline{A} \to \underline{B} \to \underline{C} \to 0$ is an exact sequence of abelian sheaves. Thus $0 \to \underline{A} \to \underline{B} \to \underline{C}$ is an exact sequence of abelian presheaves. To see that $\underline{B} \to \underline{C}$ is surjective, pick a set theoretical section $s : C \to B$. This induces a section $\underline{s} : \underline{C} \to \underline{B}$ of sheaves of sets left inverse to the surjection $\underline{B} \to \underline{C}$. $\square$

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