The Stacks project

Lemma 61.5.2. Let $X = \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A)$ as above. Given any finite stratification $X = \coprod T_ i$ by constructible subsets, there exists a finite subset $E \subset A$ such that the stratification ( refines $X = \coprod T_ i$.

Proof. We may write $T_ i = \bigcup _ j U_{i, j} \cap V_{i, j}^ c$ as a finite union for some $U_{i, j}$ and $V_{i, j}$ quasi-compact open in $X$. Then we may write $U_{i, j} = \bigcup D(f_{i, j, k})$ and $V_{i, j} = \bigcup D(g_{i, j, l})$. Then we set $E = \{ f_{i, j, k}\} \cup \{ g_{i, j, l}\} $. This does the job, because the stratification ( is the one whose strata are labeled by the vanishing pattern of the elements of $E$ which clearly refines the given stratification. $\square$

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