The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

22.17 Linear categories

Just the definitions.

Definition 22.17.1. Let $R$ be a ring. An $R$-linear category $\mathcal{A}$ is a category where every morphism set is given the structure of an $R$-module and where for $x, y, z \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{A})$ composition law

\[ \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(y, z) \times \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(x, y) \longrightarrow \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(x, z) \]

is $R$-bilinear.

Thus composition determines an $R$-linear map

\[ \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(y, z) \otimes _ R \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(x, y) \longrightarrow \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(x, z) \]

of $R$-modules. Note that we do not assume $R$-linear categories to be additive.

Definition 22.17.2. Let $R$ be a ring. A functor of $R$-linear categories, or an $R$-linear is a functor $F : \mathcal{A} \to \mathcal{B}$ where for all objects $x, y$ of $\mathcal{A}$ the map $F : \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(x, y) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(F(x), F(y))$ is a homomorphism of $R$-modules.


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