Lemma 20.16.1. Let $X$ be a topological space. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be an abelian sheaf. Then the map $\check{H}^1(X, \mathcal{F}) \to H^1(X, \mathcal{F})$ defined in (20.15.0.1) is an isomorphism.

**Proof.**
Let $\mathcal{U}$ be an open covering of $X$. By Lemma 20.11.5 there is an exact sequence

Thus the map is injective. To show surjectivity it suffices to show that any element of $\check{H}^0(\mathcal{U}, \underline{H}^1(\mathcal{F}))$ maps to zero after replacing $\mathcal{U}$ by a refinement. This is immediate from the definitions and the fact that $\underline{H}^1(\mathcal{F})$ is a presheaf of abelian groups whose sheafification is zero by locality of cohomology, see Lemma 20.7.2. $\square$

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