The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

20.6 First cohomology and extensions

Lemma 20.6.1. Let $(X, \mathcal{O}_ X)$ be a ringed space. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a sheaf of $\mathcal{O}_ X$-modules. There is a canonical bijection

\[ \mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits ^1_{\textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O}_ X)}(\mathcal{O}_ X, \mathcal{F}) \longrightarrow H^1(X, \mathcal{F}) \]

which associates to the extension

\[ 0 \to \mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{E} \to \mathcal{O}_ X \to 0 \]

the image of $1 \in \Gamma (X, \mathcal{O}_ X)$ in $H^1(X, \mathcal{F})$.

Proof. Let us construct the inverse of the map given in the lemma. Let $\xi \in H^1(X, \mathcal{F})$. Choose an injection $\mathcal{F} \subset \mathcal{I}$ with $\mathcal{I}$ injective in $\textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O}_ X)$. Set $\mathcal{Q} = \mathcal{I}/\mathcal{F}$. By the long exact sequence of cohomology, we see that $\xi $ is the image of a section $\tilde\xi \in \Gamma (X, \mathcal{Q}) = \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _{\mathcal{O}_ X}(\mathcal{O}_ X, \mathcal{Q})$. Now, we just form the pullback

\[ \xymatrix{ 0 \ar[r] & \mathcal{F} \ar[r] \ar@{=}[d] & \mathcal{E} \ar[r] \ar[d] & \mathcal{O}_ X \ar[r] \ar[d]^{\tilde\xi } & 0 \\ 0 \ar[r] & \mathcal{F} \ar[r] & \mathcal{I} \ar[r] & \mathcal{Q} \ar[r] & 0 } \]

see Homology, Section 12.6. $\square$


Comments (1)

Comment #1606 by Keenan Kidwell on

The cohomology group at the end of the statement of the lemma should be .


Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.




In order to prevent bots from posting comments, we would like you to prove that you are human. You can do this by filling in the name of the current tag in the following input field. As a reminder, this is tag 0B39. Beware of the difference between the letter 'O' and the digit '0'.