Lemma 20.37.11. Let $(X, \mathcal{O}_ X)$ be a ringed space. Let $(K_ n)$ be an inverse system of objects of $D(\mathcal{O}_ X)$. Let $\mathcal{B}$ be a set of opens of $X$. Assume

1. every open of $X$ has a covering whose members are elements of $\mathcal{B}$,

2. for all $U \in \mathcal{B}$ and all $q \in \mathbf{Z}$ we have

1. $H^ p(U, H^ q(K_ n)) = 0$ for $p > 0$,

2. the inverse system $H^0(U, H^ q(K_ n))$ has vanishing $R^1\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits$.

Then $H^ q(R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits K_ n) = \mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits H^ q(K_ n)$ for $q \in \mathbf{Z}$.

Proof. Set $K = R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits K_ n$. We will use notation as in Remark 20.37.3. Let $U \in \mathcal{B}$. By Lemma 20.37.10 and (2)(a) we have $H^ q(U, K_ n) = H^0(U, H^ q(K_ n))$. Using that the functor $R\Gamma (U, -)$ commutes with derived limits we have

$H^ q(U, K) = H^ q(R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits R\Gamma (U, K_ n)) = \mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits H^0(U, H^ q(K_ n))$

where the final equality follows from More on Algebra, Remark 15.86.10 and assumption (2)(b). Thus $H^ q(U, K)$ is the inverse limit the sections of the sheaves $H^ q(K_ n)$ over $U$. Since $\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits H^ q(K_ n)$ is a sheaf we find using assumption (1) that $H^ q(K)$, which is the sheafification of the presheaf $U \mapsto H^ q(U, K)$, is equal to $\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits H^ q(K_ n)$. This proves the lemma. $\square$

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