Lemma 58.3.1. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category and let $F : \mathcal{C} \to \textit{Sets}$ be a functor. The map (58.3.0.1) identifies $\text{Aut}(F)$ with a closed subgroup of $\prod _{X \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C})} \text{Aut}(F(X))$. In particular, if $F(X)$ is finite for all $X$, then $\text{Aut}(F)$ is a profinite group.

**Proof.**
Let $\xi = (\gamma _ X) \in \prod \text{Aut}(F(X))$ be an element not in $\text{Aut}(F)$. Then there exists a morphism $f : X \to X'$ of $\mathcal{C}$ and an element $x \in F(X)$ such that $F(f)(\gamma _ X(x)) \not= \gamma _{X'}(F(f)(x))$. Consider the open neighbourhood $U = \{ \gamma \in \text{Aut}(F(X)) \mid \gamma (x) = \gamma _ X(x)\} $ of $\gamma _ X$ and the open neighbourhood $U' = \{ \gamma ' \in \text{Aut}(F(X')) \mid \gamma '(F(f)(x)) = \gamma _{X'}(F(f)(x))\} $. Then $U \times U' \times \prod _{X'' \not= X, X'} \text{Aut}(F(X''))$ is an open neighbourhood of $\xi $ not meeting $\text{Aut}(F)$. The final statement is follows from the fact that $\prod \text{Aut}(F(X))$ is a profinite space if each $F(X)$ is finite.
$\square$

## Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like `$\pi$`

). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

## Comments (0)

There are also: