The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.42.9. Let $k \subset k'$ be a separable algebraic field extension. Let $A$ be an algebra over $k'$. Then $A$ is geometrically reduced over $k$ if and only if it is geometrically reduced over $k'$.

Proof. Assume $A$ is geometrically reduced over $k'$. Let $K/k$ be a field extension. Then $K \otimes _ k k'$ is a reduced ring by Lemma 10.42.6. Hence by Lemma 10.42.5 we find that $K \otimes _ k A = (K \otimes _ k k') \otimes _{k'} A$ is reduced.

Assume $A$ is geometrically reduced over $k$. Let $K/k'$ be a field extension. Then

\[ K \otimes _{k'} A = (K \otimes _ k A) \otimes _{(k' \otimes _ k k')} k' \]

Since $k' \otimes _ k k' \to k'$ is a localization by Lemma 10.42.8, we see that $K \otimes _{k'} A$ is a localization of a reduced algebra, hence reduced. $\square$


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