The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 21.26.1. In the situation above, choose a K-injective complex $\mathcal{I}^\bullet $ of $\mathcal{O}$-modules representing $K$. Using $-1$ times the canonical map for one of the four arrows we get maps of complexes

\[ \mathcal{I}^\bullet (X) \xrightarrow {\alpha } \mathcal{I}^\bullet (Z) \oplus \mathcal{I}^\bullet (Y) \xrightarrow {\beta } \mathcal{I}^\bullet (E) \]

with $\beta \circ \alpha = 0$. Thus a canonical map

\[ c^ K_{X, Z, Y, E} : \mathcal{I}^\bullet (X) \longrightarrow C(\beta )^\bullet [-1] \]

This map is canonical in the sense that a different choice of K-injective complex representing $K$ determines an isomorphic arrow in the derived category of abelian groups. If $c^ K_{X, Z, Y, E}$ is an isomorphism, then using its inverse we obtain a canonical distinguished triangle

\[ R\Gamma (X, K) \to R\Gamma (Z, K) \oplus R\Gamma (Y, K) \to R\Gamma (E, K) \to R\Gamma (X, K)[1] \]

All of these constructions are functorial in $K$.

Proof. This lemma proves itself. For example, if $\mathcal{J}^\bullet $ is a second K-injective complex representing $K$, then we can choose a quasi-isomorphism $\mathcal{I}^\bullet \to \mathcal{J}^\bullet $ which determines quasi-isomorphisms between all the complexes in sight. Details omitted. For the construction of cones and the relationship with distinguished triangles see Derived Categories, Sections 13.9 and 13.10. $\square$


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