The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

4.13 Monomorphisms and Epimorphisms

Definition 4.13.1. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category and let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of $\mathcal{C}$.

  1. We say that $f$ is a monomorphism if for every object $W$ and every pair of morphisms $a, b : W \to X$ such that $f \circ a = f \circ b$ we have $a = b$.

  2. We say that $f$ is an epimorphism if for every object $W$ and every pair of morphisms $a, b : Y \to W$ such that $a \circ f = b \circ f$ we have $a = b$.

Example 4.13.2. In the category of sets the monomorphisms correspond to injective maps and the epimorphisms correspond to surjective maps.

Lemma 4.13.3. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category, and let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of $\mathcal{C}$. Then

  1. $f$ is a monomorphism if and only if $X$ is the fibre product $X \times _ Y X$, and

  2. $f$ is an epimorphism if and only if $Y$ is the pushout $Y \amalg _ X Y$.

Proof. Omitted. $\square$


Comments (0)


Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.




In order to prevent bots from posting comments, we would like you to prove that you are human. You can do this by filling in the name of the current tag in the following input field. As a reminder, this is tag 003A. Beware of the difference between the letter 'O' and the digit '0'.