The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.11.10. Let

\begin{align*} M_1\xrightarrow {f} M_2\xrightarrow {g} M_3 \to 0 \end{align*}

be an exact sequence of $R$-modules and homomorphisms, and let $N$ be any $R$-module. Then the sequence

10.11.10.1
\begin{equation} \label{algebra-equation-2ndex} M_1\otimes N\xrightarrow {f \otimes 1} M_2\otimes N \xrightarrow {g \otimes 1} M_3\otimes N \to 0 \end{equation}

is exact. In other words, the functor $- \otimes _ R N$ is right exact, in the sense that tensoring each term in the original right exact sequence preserves the exactness.

Proof. We apply the functor $\mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (-, \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (N, P))$ to the first exact sequence. We obtain

\[ 0 \to \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (M_3, \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (N, P)) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (M_2, \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (N, P)) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (M_1, \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (N, P)) \]

By Lemma 10.11.8, we have

\[ 0 \to \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (M_3 \otimes N, P) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (M_2 \otimes N, P) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (M_1 \otimes N, P) \]

Using the pullback property again, we arrive at the desired exact sequence. $\square$


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