Lemma 10.62.4. Let $R$ be a Noetherian ring. Let $I \subset R$ be an ideal. Let $M$ be a finite $R$-module. Then $I^ nM = 0$ for some $n \geq 0$ if and only if $\text{Supp}(M) \subset V(I)$.

**Proof.**
Indeed, $I^ nM = 0$ is equivalent to $I^ n \subset \text{Ann}(M)$. Since $R$ is Noetherian, this is equivalent to $I \subset \sqrt{\text{Ann}(M)}$, see Lemma 10.32.5. This in turn is equivalent to $V(I) \supset V(\text{Ann}(M))$, see Lemma 10.17.2. By Lemma 10.40.5 this is equivalent to $V(I) \supset \text{Supp}(M)$.
$\square$

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