The Stacks project

Lemma 12.21.4. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. Let $(A, E, \alpha , f, g)$ be an exact couple. Let $(E_ r, d_ r)_{r \geq 1}$ be the spectral sequence associated to the exact couple. In this case we have

\[ 0 = B_1 \subset \ldots \subset B_{r + 1} = g(\mathop{\mathrm{Ker}}(\alpha ^ r)) \subset \ldots \subset Z_{r + 1} = f^{-1}(\mathop{\mathrm{Im}}(\alpha ^ r)) \subset \ldots \subset Z_1 = E \]

and the map $d_{r + 1} : E_{r + 1} \to E_{r + 1}$ is described by the following rule: For any (test) object $T$ of $\mathcal{A}$ and any elements $x : T \to Z_{r + 1}$ and $y : T \to A$ such that $f \circ x = \alpha ^ r \circ y$ we have

\[ d_{r + 1} \circ \overline{x} = \overline{g \circ y} \]

where $\overline{x} : T \to E_{r + 1}$ is the induced morphism.

Proof. Omitted. $\square$

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