In this chapter we put material related to limits of schemes. We mostly study limits of inverse systems over directed sets (Categories, Definition 4.21.1) with affine transition maps. We discuss absolute Noetherian approximation. We characterize schemes locally of finite presentation over a base as those whose associated functor of points is limit preserving. As an application of absolute Noetherian approximation we prove that the image of an affine under an integral morphism is affine. Moreover, we prove some very general variants of Chow's lemma. A basic reference is [EGA].
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