The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.24.4. Let $R$ be a ring. Assume that $R$ has finitely many minimal primes $\mathfrak q_1, \ldots , \mathfrak q_ t$, and that $\mathfrak q_1 \cup \ldots \cup \mathfrak q_ t$ is the set of zerodivisors of $R$. Then the total ring of fractions $Q(R)$ is equal to $R_{\mathfrak q_1} \times \ldots \times R_{\mathfrak q_ t}$.

Proof. There are natural maps $Q(R) \to R_{\mathfrak q_ i}$ since any nonzerodivisor is contained in $R \setminus \mathfrak q_ i$. Hence a natural map $Q(R) \to R_{\mathfrak q_1} \times \ldots \times R_{\mathfrak q_ t}$. For any nonminimal prime $\mathfrak p \subset R$ we see that $\mathfrak p \not\subset \mathfrak q_1 \cup \ldots \cup \mathfrak q_ t$ by Lemma 10.14.2. Hence $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(Q(R)) = \{ \mathfrak q_1, \ldots , \mathfrak q_ t\} $ (as subsets of $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(R)$, see Lemma 10.16.5). Therefore $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(Q(R))$ is a finite discrete set and it follows that $Q(R) = A_1 \times \ldots \times A_ t$ with $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A_ i) = \{ q_ i\} $, see Lemma 10.23.3. Moreover $A_ i$ is a local ring, which is a localization of $R$. Hence $A_ i \cong R_{\mathfrak q_ i}$. $\square$


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