The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.66.4. Let $R$ be a Noetherian ring. Let $M$ be a finite $R$-module without embedded associated primes. Let $I = \{ x \in R \mid xM = 0\} $. Then the ring $R/I$ has no embedded primes.

Proof. We may replace $R$ by $R/I$. Hence we may assume every nonzero element of $R$ acts nontrivially on $M$. By Lemma 10.39.5 this implies that $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(R)$ equals the support of $M$. Suppose that $\mathfrak p$ is an embedded prime of $R$. Let $x \in R$ be an element whose annihilator is $\mathfrak p$. Consider the nonzero module $N = xM \subset M$. It is annihilated by $\mathfrak p$. Hence any associated prime $\mathfrak q$ of $N$ contains $\mathfrak p$ and is also an associated prime of $M$. Then $\mathfrak q$ would be an embedded associated prime of $M$ which contradicts the assumption of the lemma. $\square$


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