Lemma 10.149.3. Let $R$ be a ring. Let $I$ be a directed set. Let $(S_ i, \varphi _{ii'})$ be a system of $R$-algebras over $I$. If each $R \to S_ i$ is formally étale, then $S = \mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits _{i \in I} S_ i$ is formally étale over $R$

**Proof.**
Consider a diagram as in Definition 10.149.1. By assumption we get unique $R$-algebra maps $S_ i \to A$ lifting the compositions $S_ i \to S \to A/I$. Hence these are compatible with the transition maps $\varphi _{ii'}$ and define a lift $S \to A$. This proves existence. The uniqueness is clear by restricting to each $S_ i$.
$\square$

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