The Stacks project

Lemma 21.10.3. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a site. Let $\mathcal{U} = \{ U_ i \to U\} _{i \in I}$ be a covering of $\mathcal{C}$. There is a transformation

\[ \check{\mathcal{C}}^\bullet (\mathcal{U}, -) \longrightarrow R\Gamma (U, -) \]

of functors $\textit{Ab}(\mathcal{C}) \to D^{+}(\mathbf{Z})$. In particular this gives a transformation of functors $\check{H}^ p(U, \mathcal{F}) \to H^ p(U, \mathcal{F})$ for $\mathcal{F}$ ranging over $\textit{Ab}(\mathcal{C})$.

Proof. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be an abelian sheaf. Choose an injective resolution $\mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{I}^\bullet $. Consider the double complex $\check{\mathcal{C}}^\bullet (\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{I}^\bullet )$ with terms $\check{\mathcal{C}}^ p(\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{I}^ q)$. Next, consider the associated total complex $\text{Tot}(\check{\mathcal{C}}^\bullet (\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{I}^\bullet ))$, see Homology, Definition 12.18.3. There is a map of complexes

\[ \alpha : \Gamma (U, \mathcal{I}^\bullet ) \longrightarrow \text{Tot}(\check{\mathcal{C}}^\bullet (\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{I}^\bullet )) \]

coming from the maps $\mathcal{I}^ q(U) \to \check{H}^0(\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{I}^ q)$ and a map of complexes

\[ \beta : \check{\mathcal{C}}^\bullet (\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{F}) \longrightarrow \text{Tot}(\check{\mathcal{C}}^\bullet (\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{I}^\bullet )) \]

coming from the map $\mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{I}^0$. We can apply Homology, Lemma 12.25.4 to see that $\alpha $ is a quasi-isomorphism. Namely, Lemma 21.10.2 implies that the $q$th row of the double complex $\check{\mathcal{C}}^\bullet (\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{I}^\bullet )$ is a resolution of $\Gamma (U, \mathcal{I}^ q)$. Hence $\alpha $ becomes invertible in $D^{+}(\mathbf{Z})$ and the transformation of the lemma is the composition of $\beta $ followed by the inverse of $\alpha $. We omit the verification that this is functorial. $\square$

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