Definition 66.41.1. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of algebraic spaces over $S$. We say $f$ *satisfies the uniqueness part of the valuative criterion* if given any commutative solid diagram

where $A$ is a valuation ring with field of fractions $K$, there exists at most one dotted arrow (without requiring existence). We say $f$ *satisfies the existence part of the valuative criterion* if given any solid diagram as above there exists an extension $K'/K$ of fields, a valuation ring $A' \subset K'$ dominating $A$ and a morphism $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A') \to X$ such that the following diagram commutes

We say $f$ *satisfies the valuative criterion* if $f$ satisfies both the existence and uniqueness part.

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