Lemma 59.55.1. Let $R$ be a strictly henselian local ring. Set $S = \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(R)$ and let $\overline{s}$ be its closed point. Then the global sections functor $\Gamma (S, -) : \textit{Ab}(S_{\acute{e}tale}) \to \textit{Ab}$ is exact. In fact we have $\Gamma (S, \mathcal{F}) = \mathcal{F}_{\overline{s}}$ for any sheaf of sets $\mathcal{F}$. In particular

$\forall p\geq 1, \quad H_{\acute{e}tale}^ p(S, \mathcal{F})=0$

for all $\mathcal{F}\in \textit{Ab}(S_{\acute{e}tale})$.

Proof. If we show that $\Gamma (S, \mathcal{F}) = \mathcal{F}_{\overline{s}}$ then $\Gamma (S, -)$ is exact as the stalk functor is exact. Let $(U, \overline{u})$ be an étale neighbourhood of $\overline{s}$. Pick an affine open neighborhood $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A)$ of $\overline{u}$ in $U$. Then $R \to A$ is étale and $\kappa (\overline{s}) = \kappa (\overline{u})$. By Theorem 59.32.4 we see that $A \cong R \times A'$ as an $R$-algebra compatible with maps to $\kappa (\overline{s}) = \kappa (\overline{u})$. Hence we get a section

$\xymatrix{ \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A) \ar[r] & U \ar[d]\\ & S \ar[ul] }$

It follows that in the system of étale neighbourhoods of $\overline{s}$ the identity map $(S, \overline{s}) \to (S, \overline{s})$ is cofinal. Hence $\Gamma (S, \mathcal{F}) = \mathcal{F}_{\overline{s}}$. The final statement of the lemma follows as the higher derived functors of an exact functor are zero, see Derived Categories, Lemma 13.16.9. $\square$

Comment #3539 by Dario Weißmann on

Typo in the first line of the proof: ... the $\Gamma(S,-)$ is exact ...

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