Theorem 59.56.3. Let $S = \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(K)$ with $K$ a field. Let $\overline{s}$ be a geometric point of $S$. Let $G = \text{Gal}_{\kappa (s)}$ denote the absolute Galois group. Taking stalks induces an equivalence of categories

**Proof.**
Let us construct the inverse to this functor. In Fundamental Groups, Lemma 58.2.2 we have seen that given a $G$-set $M$ there exists an étale morphism $X \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(K)$ such that $\mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _ K(\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(K^{sep}), X)$ is isomorphic to $M$ as a $G$-set. Consider the sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(K)_{\acute{e}tale}$ defined by the rule $U \mapsto \mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _ K(U, X)$. This is a sheaf as the étale topology is subcanonical. Then we see that $\mathcal{F}_{\overline{s}} = \mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _ K(\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(K^{sep}), X) = M$ as $G$-sets (details omitted). This gives the inverse of the functor and we win.
$\square$

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