**Proof.**
We prove (3). We will use the criterion of Homology, Lemma 12.9.3. Suppose that $\varphi : \mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{G}$ is a map of constructible sheaves of $\Lambda $-modules. We have to show that $\mathcal{K} = \mathop{\mathrm{Ker}}(\varphi )$ and $\mathcal{Q} = \mathop{\mathrm{Coker}}(\varphi )$ are constructible. Similarly, suppose that $0 \to \mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{E} \to \mathcal{G} \to 0$ is a short exact sequence of sheaves of $\Lambda $-modules with $\mathcal{F}$, $\mathcal{G}$ constructible. We have to show that $\mathcal{E}$ is constructible. In both cases we can replace $X$ with the members of an affine open covering. Hence we may assume $X$ is affine. The we may further replace $X$ by the members of a finite partition of $X$ by constructible locally closed subschemes on which $\mathcal{F}$ and $\mathcal{G}$ are of finite type and locally constant. Thus we may apply Lemma 54.63.6 to conclude.

The proofs of (1) and (2) are very similar and are omitted.
$\square$

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