Lemma 4.26.16. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category and let $S$ be a right multiplicative system of morphisms of $\mathcal{C}$.

1. The rules $X \mapsto X$ and $(f : X \to Y) \mapsto (f : X \to Y, \text{id}_ X : X \to X)$ define a functor $Q : \mathcal{C} \to S^{-1}\mathcal{C}$.

2. For any $s \in S$ the morphism $Q(s)$ is an isomorphism in $S^{-1}\mathcal{C}$.

3. If $G : \mathcal{C} \to \mathcal{D}$ is any functor such that $G(s)$ is invertible for every $s \in S$, then there exists a unique functor $H : S^{-1}\mathcal{C} \to \mathcal{D}$ such that $H \circ Q = G$.

Proof. This lemma is the dual of Lemma 4.26.8 and follows formally from that lemma by replacing all categories in sight by their opposites. $\square$

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