Definition 72.19.1. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $\mathcal{P}$ be a property of morphisms of algebraic spaces over $S$. We say $\mathcal{P}$ is *smooth local on source-and-target* if

(stable under precomposing with smooth maps) if $f : X \to Y$ is smooth and $g : Y \to Z$ has $\mathcal{P}$, then $g \circ f$ has $\mathcal{P}$,

(stable under smooth base change) if $f : X \to Y$ has $\mathcal{P}$ and $Y' \to Y$ is smooth, then the base change $f' : Y' \times _ Y X \to Y'$ has $\mathcal{P}$, and

(locality) given a morphism $f : X \to Y$ the following are equivalent

$f$ has $\mathcal{P}$,

for every $x \in |X|$ there exists a commutative diagram

\[ \xymatrix{ U \ar[d]_ a \ar[r]_ h & V \ar[d]^ b \\ X \ar[r]^ f & Y } \]with smooth vertical arrows and $u \in |U|$ with $a(u) = x$ such that $h$ has $\mathcal{P}$.

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