The Stacks project

Lemma 99.11.1. Let $\mathcal{Z}$ be an algebraic stack. Let $k$ be a field and let $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \to \mathcal{Z}$ be surjective and flat. Then any morphism $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k') \to \mathcal{Z}$ where $k'$ is a field is surjective and flat.

Proof. Consider the fibre square

\[ \xymatrix{ T \ar[d] \ar[r] & \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k) \ar[d] \\ \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k') \ar[r] & \mathcal{Z} } \]

Note that $T \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k')$ is flat and surjective hence $T$ is not empty. On the other hand $T \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k)$ is flat as $k$ is a field. Hence $T \to \mathcal{Z}$ is flat and surjective. It follows from Morphisms of Spaces, Lemma 66.31.5 (via the discussion in Section 99.3) that $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k') \to \mathcal{Z}$ is flat. It is clear that it is surjective as by assumption $|\mathcal{Z}|$ is a singleton. $\square$

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