Lemma 21.13.2. Let $(\mathcal{C}, \mathcal{O})$ be a ringed site. Consider the functor $i : \textit{Mod}(\mathcal{C}) \to \textit{PMod}(\mathcal{C})$. It is a left exact functor with right derived functors given by

$R^ pi(\mathcal{F}) = \underline{H}^ p(\mathcal{F}) : U \longmapsto H^ p(U, \mathcal{F})$

see discussion in Section 21.8.

Proof. It is clear that $i$ is left exact. Choose an injective resolution $\mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{I}^\bullet$ in $\textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O})$. By definition $R^ pi$ is the $p$th cohomology presheaf of the complex $\mathcal{I}^\bullet$. In other words, the sections of $R^ pi(\mathcal{F})$ over an object $U$ of $\mathcal{C}$ are given by

$\frac{\mathop{\mathrm{Ker}}(\mathcal{I}^ n(U) \to \mathcal{I}^{n + 1}(U))}{\mathop{\mathrm{Im}}(\mathcal{I}^{n - 1}(U) \to \mathcal{I}^ n(U))}.$

which is the definition of $H^ p(U, \mathcal{F})$. $\square$

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