The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 73.2.9. In the situation of Lemma 73.2.7. If $V' = G(V, U', \varphi )$ for some triple $(V, U', \varphi )$, then

  1. $V' \to Y'$ is locally of finite type if and only if $V \to Y$ and $U' \to X'$ are locally of finite type,

  2. $V' \to Y'$ is flat if and only if $V \to Y$ and $U' \to X'$ are flat,

  3. $V' \to Y'$ is flat and locally of finite presentation if and only if $V \to Y$ and $U' \to X'$ are flat and locally of finite presentation,

  4. $V' \to Y'$ is smooth if and only if $V \to Y$ and $U' \to X'$ are smooth,

  5. $V' \to Y'$ is étale if and only if $V \to Y$ and $U' \to X'$ are étale, and

  6. add more here as needed.

If $W'$ is flat over $Y'$, then the adjunction mapping $G(F(W')) \to W'$ is an isomorphism. Hence $F$ and $G$ define mutually quasi-inverse functors between the category of spaces flat over $Y'$ and the category of triples $(V, U', \varphi )$ with $V \to Y$ and $U' \to X'$ flat.

Proof. Choose a diagram (73.2.7.1) as in the proof of Lemma 73.2.7.

Proof of (1) – (5). Let $(V, U', \varphi )$ be an object of $(\textit{Spaces}/Y) \times _{(\textit{Spaces}/Y')} (\textit{Spaces}/X')$. Construct a diagram (73.2.7.2) as in the proof of Lemma 73.2.7. Then the base change of $G(V, U', \varphi ) \to Y'$ to $Y'_1$ is $G_1(V_1, U_1', \varphi _1) \to Y_1'$. Hence (1) – (5) follow immediately from the corresponding statements of More on Morphisms, Lemma 36.14.6 for schemes.

Suppose that $W' \to Y'$ is flat. Choose a scheme $W'_1$ and a surjective étale morphism $W'_1 \to Y_1' \times _{Y'} W'$. Observe that $W'_1 \to W'$ is surjective étale as a composition of surjective étale morphisms. We know that $G_1(F_1(W_1')) \to W_1'$ is an isomorphism by More on Morphisms, Lemma 36.14.6 applied to $W'_1$ over $Y'_1$ and the front of the diagram (with functors $G_1$ and $F_1$ as in the proof of Lemma 73.2.7). Then the construction of $G(F(W'))$ (as a pushout, i.e., as constructed in Lemma 73.2.4) shows that $G_1(F_1(W'_1)) \to G(F(W))$ is surjective étale. Whereupon we conclude that $G(F(W)) \to W$ is étale, see for example Properties of Spaces, Lemma 58.16.3. But $G(F(W)) \to W$ is an isomorphism on underlying reduced algebraic spaces (by construction), hence it is an isomorphism. $\square$


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