The Stacks project

Lemma 68.6.12. Notation and assumptions as in Situation 68.6.1. Let $\mathcal{F}_0$ be a quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_{X_0}$-module and denote $\mathcal{F}_ i$ the pullback to $X_ i$ and $\mathcal{F}$ the pullback to $X$. If

  1. $\mathcal{F}$ is flat over $Y$,

  2. $\mathcal{F}_0$ is of finite presentation, and

  3. $f_0$ is locally of finite presentation,

then $\mathcal{F}_ i$ is flat over $Y_ i$ for some $i \geq 0$. In particular, if $f_0$ is locally of finite presentation and $f$ is flat, then $f_ i$ is flat for some $i \geq 0$.

Proof. Choose an affine scheme $V_0$ and a surjective étale morphism $V_0 \to Y_0$. Choose an affine scheme $U_0$ and a surjective étale morphism $U_0 \to V_0 \times _{Y_0} X_0$. Diagram

\[ \xymatrix{ U_0 \ar[d] \ar[r] & V_0 \ar[d] \\ X_0 \ar[r] & Y_0 } \]

The vertical arrows are surjective and étale by construction. We can base change this diagram to $B_ i$ or $B$ to get

\[ \vcenter { \xymatrix{ U_ i \ar[d] \ar[r] & V_ i \ar[d] \\ X_ i \ar[r] & Y_ i } } \quad \text{and}\quad \vcenter { \xymatrix{ U \ar[d] \ar[r] & V \ar[d] \\ X \ar[r] & Y } } \]

Note that $U_ i, V_ i, U, V$ are affine schemes, the vertical morphisms are surjective étale, and the limit of the morphisms $U_ i \to V_ i$ is $U \to V$. Recall that $\mathcal{F}_ i$ is flat over $Y_ i$ if and only if $\mathcal{F}_ i|_{U_ i}$ is flat over $V_ i$ and similarly $\mathcal{F}$ is flat over $Y$ if and only if $\mathcal{F}|_ U$ is flat over $V$ (Morphisms of Spaces, Definition 65.30.1). Since $f_0$ is locally of finite presentation, so is the morphism $U_0 \to V_0$. Hence the lemma follows from Limits, Lemma 32.10.4. $\square$


Comments (0)


Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.




In order to prevent bots from posting comments, we would like you to prove that you are human. You can do this by filling in the name of the current tag in the following input field. As a reminder, this is tag 08K0. Beware of the difference between the letter 'O' and the digit '0'.