Lemma 10.151.8. Let $R \to S$ be a ring map. The following are equivalent

$R \to S$ is étale,

$R \to S$ is flat and G-unramified, and

$R \to S$ is flat, unramified, and of finite presentation.

Lemma 10.151.8. Let $R \to S$ be a ring map. The following are equivalent

$R \to S$ is étale,

$R \to S$ is flat and G-unramified, and

$R \to S$ is flat, unramified, and of finite presentation.

**Proof.**
Parts (2) and (3) are equivalent by definition. The implication (1) $\Rightarrow $ (3) follows from the fact that étale ring maps are of finite presentation, Lemma 10.143.3 (flatness of étale maps), and Lemma 10.151.3 (étale maps are unramified). Conversely, the characterization of étale ring maps in Lemma 10.143.7 and the structure of unramified ring maps in Lemma 10.151.5 shows that (3) implies (1). (This uses that $R \to S$ is étale if $R \to S$ is étale at every prime $\mathfrak q \subset S$, see Lemma 10.143.3.)
$\square$

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## Comments (2)

Comment #3257 by Dario Weißmann on

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