The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 21.23.3. Let $f : (\mathop{\mathit{Sh}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C}), \mathcal{O}) \to (\mathop{\mathit{Sh}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C}'), \mathcal{O}')$ be a morphism of ringed topoi. Then $Rf_*$ commutes with $R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits $, i.e., $Rf_*$ commutes with derived limits.

Proof. Let $(K_ n)$ be an inverse system of objects of $D(\mathcal{O})$. By induction on $n$ we may choose actual complexes $\mathcal{K}_ n^\bullet $ of $\mathcal{O}$-modules and maps of complexes $\mathcal{K}_{n + 1}^\bullet \to \mathcal{K}_ n^\bullet $ representing the maps $K_{n + 1} \to K_ n$ in $D(\mathcal{O})$. In other words, there exists an object $K$ in $D(\mathcal{C} \times \mathbf{N})$ whose associated inverse system is the given one. Next, consider the commutative diagram

\[ \xymatrix{ \mathop{\mathit{Sh}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C} \times \mathbf{N}) \ar[r]_ g \ar[d]_{f \times 1} & \mathop{\mathit{Sh}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C}) \ar[d]_ f \\ \mathop{\mathit{Sh}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C}' \times \mathbf{N}) \ar[r]^{g'} & \mathop{\mathit{Sh}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C}') } \]

of morphisms of topoi. It follows that $R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits R(f \times 1)_*K = Rf_* R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits K$. Working through the definitions and using Lemma 21.23.1 we obtain that $R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits (Rf_*K_ n) = Rf_*(R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits K_ n)$.

Alternate proof in case $\mathcal{C}$ has enough points. Consider the defining distinguished triangle

\[ R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits K_ n \to \prod K_ n \to \prod K_ n \]

in $D(\mathcal{O})$. Applying the exact functor $Rf_*$ we obtain the distinguished triangle

\[ Rf_*(R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits K_ n) \to Rf_*\left(\prod K_ n\right) \to Rf_*\left(\prod K_ n\right) \]

in $D(\mathcal{O}')$. Thus we see that it suffices to prove that $Rf_*$ commutes with products in the derived category (which are not just given by products of complexes, see Injectives, Lemma 19.13.4). However, since $Rf_*$ is a right adjoint by Lemma 21.20.1 this follows formally (see Categories, Lemma 4.24.5). Caution: Note that we cannot apply Categories, Lemma 4.24.5 directly as $R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits K_ n$ is not a limit in $D(\mathcal{O})$. $\square$

Comments (2)

Comment #2118 by Kestutis Cesnavicius on

Based on the notation in the commutative diagram in the statement should be .

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