Lemma 48.17.7. In Situation 48.16.1 let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of $\textit{FTS}_ S$. If $K$ is a dualizing complex for $Y$, then $f^!K$ is a dualizing complex for $X$.

**Proof.**
The question is local on $X$ hence we may assume that $X$ and $Y$ are affine schemes. In this case we can factor $f : X \to Y$ as

where $i$ is a closed immersion. By Lemma 48.17.3 and Dualizing Complexes, Lemma 47.15.10 and induction we see that the $p^!K$ is a dualizing complex on $\mathbf{A}^ n_ Y$ where $p : \mathbf{A}^ n_ Y \to Y$ is the projection. Similarly, by Dualizing Complexes, Lemma 47.15.9 and Lemmas 48.9.5 and 48.17.4 we see that $i^!$ transforms dualizing complexes into dualizing complexes. $\square$

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