The Stacks project

Lemma 30.14.3. Let $A$ be a graded ring such that $A_0$ is Noetherian and $A$ is generated by finitely many elements of $A_1$ over $A_0$. Let $M$ be a finite graded $A$-module. Set $X = \text{Proj}(A)$ and let $\widetilde{M}$ be the quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module on $X$ associated to $M$. The maps

\[ M_ n \longrightarrow \Gamma (X, \widetilde{M}(n)) \]

from Constructions, Lemma 27.10.3 are isomorphisms for all sufficiently large $n$.

Proof. Because $M$ is a finite $A$-module we see that $\widetilde{M}$ is a finite type $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module, i.e., a coherent $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module. Set $N = \bigoplus _{n \geq 0} \Gamma (X, \widetilde{M}(n))$. We have to show that the map $M \to N$ of graded $A$-modules is an isomorphism in all sufficiently large degrees. By Properties, Lemma 28.28.5 we have a canonical isomorphism $\widetilde{N} \to \widetilde{M}$ such that $M_ n \to N_ n = \Gamma (X, \widetilde{M}(n))$ is the canonical map. Let $K = \mathop{\mathrm{Ker}}(M \to N)$ and $Q = \mathop{\mathrm{Coker}}(M \to N)$. Recall that the functor $M \mapsto \widetilde{M}$ is exact, see Constructions, Lemma 27.8.4. Hence we see that $\widetilde{K} = 0$ and $\widetilde{Q} = 0$. On the other hand, $A$ is a Noetherian ring and $M$ and $N$ are finitely generated $A$-modules (for $N$ this follows from the last part of Lemma 30.14.2). Hence $K$ and $Q$ are finite $A$-modules. Thus it suffices to show that a finite $A$-module $K$ with $\widetilde{K} = 0$ has only finitely many nonzero homogeneous parts $K_ d$. To do this, let $x_1, \ldots , x_ r \in K$ be homogeneous generators say sitting in degrees $d_1, \ldots , d_ r$. Let $f_1, \ldots , f_ n \in A_1$ be elements generating $A$ over $A_0$. For each $i$ and $j$ there exists an $n_{ij} \geq 0$ such that $f_ i^{n_{ij}} x_ j = 0$ in $K_{d_ j + n_{ij}}$: if not then $x_ i/f_ i^{d_ i} \in K_{(f_ i)}$ would not be zero, i.e., $\widetilde{K}$ would not be zero. Then we see that $K_ d$ is zero for $d > \max _ j(d_ j + \sum _ i n_{ij})$ as every element of $K_ d$ is a sum of terms where each term is a monomials in the $f_ i$ times one of the $x_ j$ of total degree $d$. $\square$


Comments (0)


Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.




In order to prevent bots from posting comments, we would like you to prove that you are human. You can do this by filling in the name of the current tag in the following input field. As a reminder, this is tag 0AG7. Beware of the difference between the letter 'O' and the digit '0'.