The Stacks project

Lemma 85.17.3. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of locally countably indexed formal algebraic spaces over $S$. Let $P$ be a local property of morphisms of $\textit{WAdm}^{count}$. The following are equivalent

  1. for every commutative diagram

    \[ \xymatrix{ U \ar[d] \ar[r] & V \ar[d] \\ X \ar[r] & Y } \]

    with $U$ and $V$ affine formal algebraic spaces, $U \to X$ and $V \to Y$ representable by algebraic spaces and étale, the morphism $U \to V$ corresponds to a morphism of $\textit{WAdm}^{count}$ with property $P$,

  2. there exists a covering $\{ Y_ j \to Y\} $ as in Definition 85.7.1 and for each $j$ a covering $\{ X_{ji} \to Y_ j \times _ Y X\} $ as in Definition 85.7.1 such that each $X_{ji} \to Y_ j$ corresponds to a morphism of $\textit{WAdm}^{count}$ with property $P$, and

  3. there exist a covering $\{ X_ i \to X\} $ as in Definition 85.7.1 and for each $i$ a factorization $X_ i \to Y_ i \to Y$ where $Y_ i$ is an affine formal algebraic space, $Y_ i \to Y$ is representable by algebraic spaces and étale, and $X_ i \to Y_ i$ corresponds to a morphism of $\textit{WAdm}^{count}$ with property $P$.

Proof. It is clear that (1) implies (2) and that (2) implies (3). Assume $\{ X_ i \to X\} $ and $X_ i \to Y_ i \to Y$ as in (3) and let a diagram as in (1) be given. Since $Y_ i \times _ Y V$ is a formal algebraic space (Lemma 85.11.2) we may pick coverings $\{ Y_{ij} \to Y_ i \times _ Y V\} $ as in Definition 85.7.1. For each $(i, j)$ we may similarly choose coverings $\{ X_{ijk} \to Y_{ij} \times _{Y_ i} X_ i \times _ X U\} $ as in Definition 85.7.1. Since $U$ is quasi-compact we can choose $(i_1, j_1, k_1), \ldots , (i_ n, j_ n, k_ n)$ such that

\[ X_{i_1 j_1 k_1} \amalg \ldots \amalg X_{i_ n j_ n k_ n} \longrightarrow U \]

is surjective. For $s = 1, \ldots , n$ consider the commutative diagram

\[ \xymatrix{ & & & X_{i_ s j_ s k_ s} \ar[ld] \ar[d] \ar[rd] \\ X \ar[d] & X_{i_ s} \ar[l] \ar[d] & X_{i_ s} \times _ X U \ar[l] \ar[d] & Y_{i_ s j_ s} \ar[ld] \ar[rd] & X_{i_ s} \times _ X U \ar[d] \ar[r] & U \ar[d] \ar[r] & X \ar[d] \\ Y & Y_{i_ s} \ar[l] & Y_{i_ s} \times _ Y V \ar[l] & & Y_{i_ s} \times _ Y V \ar[r] & V \ar[r] & Y } \]

Let us say that $P$ holds for a morphism of countably indexed affine formal algebraic spaces if it holds for the corresponding morphism of $\textit{WAdm}^{count}$. Observe that the maps $X_{i_ s j_ s k_ s} \to X_{i_ s}$, $Y_{i_ s j_ s} \to Y_{i_ s}$ are given by completions of étale ring maps, see Lemma 85.15.13. Hence we see that $P(X_{i_ s} \to Y_{i_ s})$ implies $P(X_{i_ s j_ s k_ s} \to Y_{i_ s j_ s})$ by axiom (1). Observe that the maps $Y_{i_ s j_ s} \to V$ are given by completions of étale rings maps (same lemma as before). By axiom (2) applied to the diagram

\[ \xymatrix{ X_{i_ s j_ s k_ s} \ar@{=}[r] \ar[d] & X_{i_ s j_ s k_ s} \ar[d] \\ Y_{i_ s j_ s} \ar[r] & V } \]

(this is permissible as identities are faithfully flat ring maps) we conclude that $P(X_{i_ s j_ s k_ s} \to V)$ holds. By axiom (3) we find that $P(\coprod _{s = 1, \ldots , n} X_{i_ s j_ s k_ s} \to V)$ holds. Since the morphism $\coprod X_{i_ s j_ s k_ s} \to U$ is surjective by construction, the corresponding morphism of $\textit{WAdm}^{count}$ is the completion of a faithfully flat étale ring map, see Lemma 85.15.14. One more application of axiom (2) (with $B' = B$) implies that $P(U \to V)$ is true as desired. $\square$


Comments (2)

Comment #1960 by Brian Conrad on

In the 3rd sentence of the proof, "choose coverings we can pick coverings" should be just "choose coverings". Three lines below the big diagram in the proof, a should be .

The first time axiom (2) is invoked, it may be helpful to write the relevant diagram involving "identities" (i.e., identity maps) incorporating the composite map along one vertical side. The second time axioms (2) is invoked, near the end of the proof, perhaps it will help the reader to insert "(with )".


Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.




In order to prevent bots from posting comments, we would like you to prove that you are human. You can do this by filling in the name of the current tag in the following input field. As a reminder, this is tag 0ANG. Beware of the difference between the letter 'O' and the digit '0'.