Theorem 76.24.1. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $f : X \to Y$ and $Y \to Z$ be morphisms of algebraic spaces over $S$. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module. Assume

1. $X$, $Y$, $Z$ locally Noetherian, and

2. $\mathcal{F}$ a coherent $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module.

Let $x \in |X|$ and let $y \in |Y|$ and $z \in |Z|$ be the images of $x$. If $\mathcal{F}_{\overline{x}} \not= 0$, then the following are equivalent:

1. $\mathcal{F}$ is flat over $Z$ at $x$ and the restriction of $\mathcal{F}$ to its fibre over $z$ is flat at $x$ over the fibre of $Y$ over $z$, and

2. $Y$ is flat over $Z$ at $y$ and $\mathcal{F}$ is flat over $Y$ at $x$.

Proof. Choose a diagram as in Lemma 76.23.1 part (3). It follows from the definitions that this reduces to the corresponding theorem for the morphisms of schemes $U \to V \to W$, the quasi-coherent sheaf $a^*\mathcal{F}$, and the point $u \in U$. Thus the theorem follows from the corresponding result for schemes which is More on Morphisms, Theorem 37.16.1. $\square$

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