Lemma 31.2.8. Let $X$ be a locally Noetherian scheme. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module. If $U \subset X$ is open and $\text{Ass}(\mathcal{F}) \subset U$, then $\Gamma (X, \mathcal{F}) \to \Gamma (U, \mathcal{F})$ is injective.

**Proof.**
Let $s \in \Gamma (X, \mathcal{F})$ be a section which restricts to zero on $U$. Let $\mathcal{F}' \subset \mathcal{F}$ be the image of the map $\mathcal{O}_ X \to \mathcal{F}$ defined by $s$. Then $\text{Supp}(\mathcal{F}') \cap U = \emptyset $. On the other hand, $\text{Ass}(\mathcal{F}') \subset \text{Ass}(\mathcal{F})$ by Lemma 31.2.4. Since also $\text{Ass}(\mathcal{F}') \subset \text{Supp}(\mathcal{F}')$ (Lemma 31.2.3) we conclude $\text{Ass}(\mathcal{F}') = \emptyset $. Hence $\mathcal{F}' = 0$ by Lemma 31.2.6.
$\square$

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