The Stacks project

Lemma 36.32.3. Let $f : X \to S$ be a flat, proper morphism of finite presentation. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be an $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module of finite presentation, flat over $S$. Fix $i, r \in \mathbf{Z}$. Then there exists an open subscheme $U \subset S$ with the following property: A morphism $T \to S$ factors through $U$ if and only if $Rf_{T, *}\mathcal{F}_ T$ is isomorphic to a finite locally free module of rank $r$ placed in degree $i$.

Proof. By cohomology and base change (more precisely by Lemma 36.30.4) the object $K = Rf_*\mathcal{F}$ is a perfect object of the derived category of $S$ whose formation commutes with arbitrary base change. Thus this lemma follows immediately from Lemma 36.31.3. $\square$


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