The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 28.4.5. Let $X$ be a scheme. Let $Z, Y \subset X$ be closed subschemes. Let $Z \cap Y$ be the scheme theoretic intersection of $Z$ and $Y$. Then $Z \cap Y \to Z$ and $Z \cap Y \to Y$ are closed immersions and

\[ \xymatrix{ Z \cap Y \ar[r] \ar[d] & Z \ar[d] \\ Y \ar[r] & X } \]

is a cartesian diagram of schemes, i.e., $Z \cap Y = Z \times _ X Y$.

Proof. The morphisms $Z \cap Y \to Z$ and $Z \cap Y \to Y$ are closed immersions by Lemma 28.2.2. Let $U = \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A)$ be an affine open of $X$ and let $Z \cap U$ and $Y \cap U$ correspond to the ideals $I \subset A$ and $J \subset A$. Then $Z \cap Y \cap U$ corresponds to $I + J \subset A$. Since $A/I \otimes _ A A/J = A/(I + J)$ we see that the diagram is cartesian by our description of fibre products of schemes in Schemes, Section 25.17. $\square$


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