The Stacks project

Lemma 36.30.6. Let $R$ be a ring. Let $X$ be a scheme and let $f : X \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(R)$ be proper, flat, and of finite presentation. Let $(M_ n)$ be an inverse system of $R$-modules with surjective transition maps. Then the canonical map

\[ \mathcal{O}_ X \otimes _ R (\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits M_ n) \longrightarrow \mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits \mathcal{O}_ X \otimes _ R M_ n \]

induces an isomorphism from the source to $DQ_ X$ applied to the target.

Proof. The statement means that for any object $E$ of $D_\mathit{QCoh}(\mathcal{O}_ X)$ the induced map

\[ \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (E, \mathcal{O}_ X \otimes _ R (\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits M_ n)) \longrightarrow \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits (E, \mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits \mathcal{O}_ X \otimes _ R M_ n) \]

is an isomorphism. Since $D_\mathit{QCoh}(\mathcal{O}_ X)$ has a perfect generator (Theorem 36.15.3) it suffices to check this for perfect $E$. By Lemma 36.3.2 we have $\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits \mathcal{O}_ X \otimes _ R M_ n = R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits \mathcal{O}_ X \otimes _ R M_ n$. The exact functor $R\mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _ X(E, -) : D_\mathit{QCoh}(\mathcal{O}_ X) \to D(R)$ of Cohomology, Section 20.41 commutes with products and hence with derived limits, whence

\[ R\mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _ X(E, \mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits \mathcal{O}_ X \otimes _ R M_ n) = R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits R\mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _ X(E, \mathcal{O}_ X \otimes _ R M_ n) \]

Let $E^\vee $ be the dual perfect complex, see Cohomology, Lemma 20.47.5. We have

\[ R\mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _ X(E, \mathcal{O}_ X \otimes _ R M_ n) = R\Gamma (X, E^\vee \otimes _{\mathcal{O}_ X}^\mathbf {L} Lf^*M_ n) = R\Gamma (X, E^\vee ) \otimes _ R^\mathbf {L} M_ n \]

by Lemma 36.22.1. From Lemma 36.30.4 we see $R\Gamma (X, E^\vee )$ is a perfect complex of $R$-modules. In particular it is a pseudo-coherent complex and by More on Algebra, Lemma 15.101.3 we obtain

\[ R\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits R\Gamma (X, E^\vee ) \otimes _ R^\mathbf {L} M_ n = R\Gamma (X, E^\vee ) \otimes _ R^\mathbf {L} \mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits M_ n \]

as desired. $\square$


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