The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.96.10. Let $A$ be a Noetherian ring. Let $I, J \subset A$ be ideals. If $A$ is $I$-adically complete and $A/I$ is $J$-adically complete, then $A$ is $J$-adically complete.

Proof. Let $B$ be the $(I + J)$-adic completion of $A$. By Lemma 10.96.2 $B/IB$ is the $J$-adic completion of $A/I$ hence isomorphic to $A/I$ by assumption. Moreover $B$ is $I$-adically complete by Lemma 10.95.8. Hence $B$ is a finite $A$-module by Lemma 10.95.12. By Nakayama's lemma (Lemma 10.19.1 using $I$ is in the Jacobson radical of $A$ by Lemma 10.95.6) we find that $A \to B$ is surjective. The map $A \to B$ is flat by Lemma 10.96.2. The image of $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(B) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(A)$ contains $V(I)$ and as $I$ is contained in the Jacobson radical of $A$ we find $A \to B$ is faitfully flat (Lemma 10.38.16). Thus $A \to B$ is injective. Thus $A$ is complete with respect to $I + J$, hence a fortiori complete with respect to $J$. $\square$


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