The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 15.10.3. Let $(A, I)$ be a Zariski pair. Let $A \to B$ be a flat, integral, finitely presented ring map such that $A/I \to B/IB$ is an isomorphism. Then $A \to B$ is an isomorphism.

Proof. The ring map $A \to B$ is finite by Algebra, Lemma 10.35.5. Hence $B$ is finitely presented as an $A$-module by Algebra, Lemma 10.35.23. Hence $B$ is a finite locally free $A$-module by Algebra, Lemma 10.77.2. Since the module $B$ has rank $1$ along $V(I)$ (see rank function described in Algebra, Lemma 10.77.2), and as $(A, I)$ is a Zariski pair, we conclude that the rank is $1$ everywhere. It follows that $A \to B$ is an isomorphism: it is a pleasant exercise to show that a ring map $R \to S$ such that $S$ is a locally free $R$-module of rank $1$ is an isomorphism (hint: look at local rings). $\square$


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