The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Proposition 7.39.3. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a site. Assume that

  1. finite limits exist in $\mathcal{C}$, and

  2. every covering $\{ U_ i \to U\} _{i \in I}$ has a refinement by a finite covering of $\mathcal{C}$.

Then $\mathcal{C}$ has enough points.

Proof. We have to show that given any sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on $\mathcal{C}$, any $U \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C})$, and any distinct sections $s, s' \in \mathcal{F}(U)$, there exists a point $p$ such that $s, s'$ have distinct image in $\mathcal{F}_ p$. See Lemma 7.38.3. Consider the system $(J, \geq , V_ j, g_{jj'})$ with $J = \{ 1\} $, $V_1 = U$, $g_{11} = \text{id}_ U$. Apply Lemma 7.39.2. By the result of that lemma we get a system $(I, \geq , U_ i, f_{ii'})$ refining our system such that $s_ p \not= s'_ p$ and such that moreover for every finite covering $\{ W_ k \to W\} $ of the site $\mathcal{C}$ the map $\coprod _ k u(W_ k) \to u(W)$ is surjective. Since every covering of $\mathcal{C}$ can be refined by a finite covering we conclude that $\coprod _ k u(W_ k) \to u(W)$ is surjective for any covering $\{ W_ k \to W\} $ of the site $\mathcal{C}$. This implies that $u = p$ is a point, see Proposition 7.33.2 (and the discussion at the beginning of this section which guarantees that $u$ commutes with finite limits). $\square$


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