The Stacks project

12.27 Injectives

Definition 12.27.1. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. An object $J \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{A})$ is called injective if for every injection $A \hookrightarrow B$ and every morphism $A \to J$ there exists a morphism $B \to J$ making the following diagram commute

\[ \xymatrix{ A \ar[r] \ar[d] & B \ar@{-->}[ld] \\ J & } \]

Here is the obligatory characterization of injective objects.

Lemma 12.27.2. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. Let $I$ be an object of $\mathcal{A}$. The following are equivalent:

  1. The object $I$ is injective.

  2. The functor $B \mapsto \mathop{\mathrm{Hom}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(B, I)$ is exact.

  3. Any short exact sequence

    \[ 0 \to I \to A \to B \to 0 \]

    in $\mathcal{A}$ is split.

  4. We have $\mathop{\mathrm{Ext}}\nolimits _\mathcal {A}(B, I) = 0$ for all $B \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{A})$.

Proof. Omitted. $\square$

Lemma 12.27.3. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. Suppose $I_\omega $, $\omega \in \Omega $ is a set of injective objects of $\mathcal{A}$. If $\prod _{\omega \in \Omega } I_\omega $ exists then it is injective.

Proof. Omitted. $\square$

Definition 12.27.4. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. We say $\mathcal{A}$ has enough injectives if every object $A$ has an injective morphism $A \to J$ into an injective object $J$.

Definition 12.27.5. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category. We say that $\mathcal{A}$ has functorial injective embeddings if there exists a functor

\[ J : \mathcal{A} \longrightarrow \text{Arrows}(\mathcal{A}) \]

such that

  1. $s \circ J = \text{id}_\mathcal {A}$,

  2. for any object $A \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{A})$ the morphism $J(A)$ is injective, and

  3. for any object $A \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{A})$ the object $t(J(A))$ is an injective object of $\mathcal{A}$.

We will denote such a functor by $A \mapsto (A \to J(A))$.

Comments (2)

Comment #4832 by Weixiao Lu on

Any cofiltered limit of injective objects is injective.

Comment #4835 by on

@#4832. This is not true. To give an example, working dually, it suffices to show that there is an abelian category and a non-projective object which is a filtered colimit of projective modules. An example is as the usual filtered colimit of copies of in the category of abelian groups.

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