The Stacks project

Lemma 29.14.2. Let $f : X \to S$ be a morphism of schemes. The following are equivalent

  1. The morphism $f$ is locally of finite type.

  2. For all affine opens $U \subset X$, $V \subset S$ with $f(U) \subset V$ the ring map $\mathcal{O}_ S(V) \to \mathcal{O}_ X(U)$ is of finite type.

  3. There exists an open covering $S = \bigcup _{j \in J} V_ j$ and open coverings $f^{-1}(V_ j) = \bigcup _{i \in I_ j} U_ i$ such that each of the morphisms $U_ i \to V_ j$, $j\in J, i\in I_ j$ is locally of finite type.

  4. There exists an affine open covering $S = \bigcup _{j \in J} V_ j$ and affine open coverings $f^{-1}(V_ j) = \bigcup _{i \in I_ j} U_ i$ such that the ring map $\mathcal{O}_ S(V_ j) \to \mathcal{O}_ X(U_ i)$ is of finite type, for all $j\in J, i\in I_ j$.

Moreover, if $f$ is locally of finite type then for any open subschemes $U \subset X$, $V \subset S$ with $f(U) \subset V$ the restriction $f|_ U : U \to V$ is locally of finite type.

Proof. This follows from Lemma 29.13.3 if we show that the property “$R \to A$ is of finite type” is local. We check conditions (a), (b) and (c) of Definition 29.13.1. By Algebra, Lemma 10.13.2 being of finite type is stable under base change and hence we conclude (a) holds. By the same lemma being of finite type is stable under composition and trivially for any ring $R$ the ring map $R \to R_ f$ is of finite type. We conclude (b) holds. Finally, property (c) is true according to Algebra, Lemma 10.22.3. $\square$


Comments (2)

Comment #2783 by David Hansen on

Very pedantic comment: Part (2) of this Lemma is ungrammatical; it could be fixed by writing either "For all affine opens..." or "For every pair of affine opens...".


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